Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population; with a density of 859 persons per km 2, its land is nearly three times as densely settled as the national average of 370 persons per km 2. The state is currently home to about 2.76% of India's total population. Hence, the population of Kerala in the year 2019 is as per estimates is 37.312 Million + 0.3224 Million = 37.6344 Million. Prior to independence, Kerala formed part of, the two Princely States of Travancore and Cochin and of Madras Presidency. Throughout the year, daily temperatures usually rise from the low 70s F (low 20s C) into the 80s F (27 to 32 °C). Kerala Population 2019 –37.6344 Million. Between 2001-2011, Hindu population of the state grew by 2.23%, the Christian population grew by 1.38%, while the Muslim population exploded by 13% approx. While only about one-fourth of the population was reported as urban in the early 21st century, such statistics are deceptive because of the close proximity of rural houses, especially in the coastal plain. Several factors could be cited for the decline in population of some of the communities in Kerala. Thereafter, census was taken every 10 years. Kerala has an estimated population of 35 million, up from 33.38 million in 2011. The first modern census of Travancore - Cochin was taken in 1875. Putting all this together, if the Muslim population becomes 25 million by 2050, then the share of Muslims will cross 50%. Christians, who account for nearly one-fifth of the population, belong broadly to the Syrian Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches as well as to various Protestant denominations. Therefore, on average, the population each year increases by 0.32688 Million. The current population of Kerala is 33 million. In the 2011 census, the population density of Kerala is 860 persons/sq km up from 819 in 2001, next only to Bihar (1106 up from 881) and West Bengal (1028 up from 903). They are referred to collectively as St. Thomas (Mar Thoma) Christians in allusion to the tradition that St. Thomas the Apostle first evangelized the region. The first state to receive rainfall in India. Thereafter censuses were taken in Travancore State in 1836 and Cochin State in 1854. Wayanad is the least populated district This is followed byMuslims who form 24.7 per cent of the population and Christians who constitute Pop. Elements of Indo-Aryan ancestry remain strongest among the Nambudiri, a prominent caste of orthodox Hindus. (2011) 33,387,677. Kerala also has tiny Jain, Sikh, Buddhist, and Jewish communities; there is an ancient synagogue in Kochi. The state’s total child population in 2011 was 3,472,955 compared to 3,793,146 in 2001. just 254 persons per sq.km is the least densely populated district followed by Wayanad with a density of 383 persons. Also living in Kerala is a significant minority of Tamils, a neighbouring people of Dravidian ancestry. Kerala stretches for about 360 miles along the Malabar Coast, varying in width from roughly 20 to 75 miles. As per details from Census 2011, Kerala has population of 3.34 Crores, an increase from figure of 3.18 Crore in 2001 census. Along the coast, a linked chain of lagoons and backwaters form the so-called Venice of India. The literacy rate of Malappuram district is 80.51% out of which 81.49% … (estimated). Area 15,005 square miles (38,863 square km). Most Malayalis are descendants of the early inhabitants of India, the so-called Dravidians (speakers of Dravidian languages), who were driven southward between about 2000 and 1500 bce when the Aryans (speakers of Indo-Aryan languages) descended into the Indian subcontinent. The climate of Kerala is equable and varies little from season to season. Christians are expected to make up 2.2% of India’s population in 2050. A large number of population in Kerala belongs to Malayali ethnicity. The national average is 382 up from 324 ten years ago. Idukki with a density of Kerala, southwestern coastal state of India. Kerala's urban population figures to 1,74,55,506 persons which is about one-fourth of the total population. attempts were made by the earlier rulers of the State to collect statistics of the population and the resources of the country. Whereas, Thiruvananthapuram with a population density of 1509 persons per sq.km is the most densely populated district in Kerala followed by Alappuzha with 1501 people per sq.km and Kozhikode with 1318 persons per sq.km. God's own country as it is famously known, Kerala gets the … Kerala’s density of population as per 2011 census is 860 persons per sq. While density of population in Tamil Nadu is 555, Karnataka 319, Andhra Pradesh 308, and that of India is 382. District wise … Kerala: Total Geographical Area (in Hectares) 17471135: Total Households: 8408054: Total Village Population: 9063081 : Total Village Male Population: 4149641 : Total Village Female Population… Thiruvananthapuram is the most densely populated district (1,508) while, Idukki is the least densely populated district (255). In 1980, Kerala's 60+ population overtook the national average and by 2001, it had risen to 10.5% against a national average of 7.5%. Kerala is among the preferred destinations for nature loving tourists from across the world. The city of Chennai has the highest population of Malayalis in a metropolitan area outside Kerala, followed by Bangalore. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The total population of the Nair community is disputed, since there has been no caste-based census since 1931. 19 percent of the total population. In the 0-6 year age group, Kerala counted 36.74% of the children as Muslim in the 2011 census. Professor of South Asian Geography, University of Missouri, Columbia. The population of … The state is also a national leader in fish production. Sardines, tunas, mackerels, and prawns are among the principal products of the industry. The major urban centres and industrial complexes include Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Kollam (Quilon), Alappuzha (Alleppey), Thrissur (Trichur), and Thalassery (Tellicherry). Descending from the rocky highlands westward toward the coastal plain is a stretch of farmlands, with different crops cultivated at different elevations. km. Besides, the Malayalee citizens in Malaysia is estimated to be 348,000 in year 2020 whereas the population of the Malayalee expatriates is approximately 2,000. The last census was taken in 2011. A second factor would be migration from Kerala to other states in India and to other countries outside India. But there are grounds to believe that frequent Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. So, the population in 2019 as per estimates = 37.6344 Million. Below replacement fertility is one of them. As per the Census 2011 out of total population of Kerala, 47.7% people lived in urban regionswhile 52.3% in rural areas. Kerala is a region of great natural beauty. As per 2011 Provisional Population Figures, Rural Population in Kerala is 17,455,506. Dam on the Periyar River, Idukki, Kerala, India. Density of Population. Population, decadal growth rate and net change of Kerala from 1901 to 2011. Population of Kerala - Located in South-western part of India, Kerala is the leading state of India in terms of social development. Malappuram is the most populated district and has a population of 41,10,956 people. It has a population of approximately 32 million and is one of India’s most densely populated states but it has one of the country’s lowest birth rates. 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. From 1881 onwards the constitutional units of Kerala State had census taken at 10 year intervals with the rest of the country. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Settlement patterns and demographic trends, Kerala - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Tulu and Kannada is spoken in most parts of the northern district of Kasaragod, adjoining Karnataka. Out of this, 7,617,584 are males and 8,314,587 are females. (estimated). Increasing population and limited participation in higher education are mainly blamed for backwardness of Muslims, but a new report questions this argument, saying the community's population in Kerala rose by 15 lakh between 2001-2011 despite being economically better and literate. the Survey of Travancore and Cochin States" conducted by Lieutenants Ward and Conner during the period 1816-20. Malayalam is Kerala's official language and is spoken by at least 96% of the people of Kerala; the next most common language is Tamil, spoken mainly by Tamil workers from Tamil Nadu and the local Kerala Iyers. Over the millennia, there has been much exchange between the two groups. The forests yield valuable timbers such as ebony, rosewood, and teak. Rural population in Kerala is 1,59,32,171. In addition, Kerala’s woodlands supply industrial raw materials such as bamboo (used in the paper and rayon industries), wood pulp, charcoal, gums, and resins. Total population of Kerala as per 2011 census is 33,406,061 of which male and female are 16,027,412 and 17,378,649 respectively. followed by Idukki and Kasargod. The first census of this State of Kerala was taken in Commercial plantings on less than half of the total land under cultivation earn a sizable amount of foreign exchange but have necessitated the importation of food for local consumption. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Regardless of their sect, these indigenous Christians share a common set of early Christian traditions unique to the Malabar Coast. Kerala is one of the most densely populated states in India. That is zero growth. As of 2011 [update] , Thiruvananthapuram is the most populous city in Kerala. Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. Second comes Thiruvananthapuram with a population of 33,07,284 people followed by Ernakulam with 32,79,860 people. The earliest authentic account of census in this part of India is available from the "Geographical and Statistical Memoir of About one-fourth of the population practices Islam, with the Moplah (Mapilla) people of the Malabar Coast constituting the state’s largest Muslim community. Rural population in Kerala is 1,59,32,171. Also, a small number of Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Jews and other religious communities are also present. Kerala is the state of India or probably the … The Malayalis are a group of people of mixed ethnic heritage who speak Malayalam, a Dravidian language; they constitute the majority of the population of Kerala. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). Commercial poultry farming is well developed. Present Population of Kerala is estimated to be 35.1 million. By 2011, 12.6% of Kerala’s population is past 60 years, compared to the all India average of 8.6%. Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. It is a small state, constituting only about 1 percent of the total area of the country. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The population of Kerala in 2020 as per expected figures is 37.6344 Million + 0.32688 Million = 37.96128 Million. Govt: Begin surveillance of human population Thousands of birds have died in Kerala (mostly poultry), Himachal Pradesh (mostly migratory birds), and … The major food crops are rice, pulses (e.g., peas and beans), sorghum, and tapioca. Mammals include sambar deer, gaurs (wild cattle), Nilgiri tahrs (wild goatlike animals; Hemitragus hylocrius, or, by some classifications, Nilgiritragus hylocrius), elephants, leopards, tigers, bonnet monkeys, rare lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus), and Hanuman and Nilgiri langurs (Semnopithecus entellus and Trachypithecus johnii, respectively). The state is directly exposed to the southwest monsoon, which prevails from July through September, but it also receives rain from the reverse (northeast) monsoon, which blows in October and November. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population, and at 859 persons per km²; its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. The child population (0-6 years) in Kerala, too, witnessed a negative trend in 2001-11 at -8.44%. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Kerala with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. Among the more important rivers that flow to the Arabian Sea are the Ponnani (Bharatapuzha), Periyar, Chalakudi, and Pamba. More than half of Kerala’s residents, including most of the Malayalis, follow Hinduism. Kerala's urban population figures to 1,74,55,506 persons which is about one-fourth of the total population. Omissions? This diverse natural environment is home to an extraordinary array of wildlife. Kerala’s principal cash crops are rubber, coffee, and tea, which are cultivated in plantations on the slopes of the foothills, as well as areca nut, cardamom, cashew nut, coconut, ginger, and pepper. These cottage industries employ almost 3/5th of Kerala's industrial workers Census Data: According to the census report of 2001, Kerala's total population was about 32 million. Kerala population in 2020 is estimated to be 36 Million (3.6 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of … Indeed, in parts of the state there are densely populated rural equivalents of urban megalopolises. Kerala Population 2020 – 37.96128 Million. Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute In 2010, approximately 2.5% of the country’s population was Christian, including members of Scheduled Castes (historically referred to as Untouchables or Dalits) who sometimes identify as Hindu when completing official forms. The population of all cities and towns in the State of Kerala by census years. Also notable is the high social status that continues to be accorded to women of Kerala, owing to the former strength of a matrilineal kinship system. Kerala is full of coconut trees. The state has several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, among which the Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve is the largest. The capital is Thiruvananthapuram. The watery coastal zones of Kerala are interspersed with coconut palm groves, while much of the Western Ghats and riverine areas are covered with rainforests and monsoon forests (tropical deciduous forests). As per the Census 2001 data, Hindus, who constitute 56.20 per cent of the total population, is the most prominent religious community in the state. Thus one out of every 30 fishing households in the state is that of a fisherman. [321] However, Kerala's population growth rateis far lower than the national average, although Kerala's population more than doubled between 1951 and 1991 — adding 15.6 million people to reach a total of 29.1 million residents in 1991 — the population stood at 31.8 million by 2001 and 33.3 million in 2011. The fishing population of Kerala as a whole is about 7,70,000 forming 1,59,000 households. In the eastern part of the state, Anai Peak (8,842 feet [2,695 metres]), the highest peak of peninsular India, crowns the Western Ghats. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The sex-ratio of Malappuram district is around 1098 compared to 1084 which is average of Kerala state. Assume that rest of all the religions has only replacement rate of fertility. Kerala's people are most densely settled in the coastal region, leaving the east… Precipitation averages about 115 inches (3,000 mm) annually statewide, with some slopes receiving more than 200 inches (5,000 mm). Kerala is a state in the south-west of India. Kerala being an agricultural state with an agrarian economy, a good percent of its population is confined to agriculture or other agro base industry. Updates? It is a small state, constituting only about 1 percent of the total area of the country. Kerala, southwestern coastal state of India. Although isolated from the Indian interior by the mountainous belt of the Western Ghats, Kerala has been exposed to many foreign influences via its long coastline; consequently, the state has developed a unique culture within the subcontinent, not only with a diverse religious tradition but also with its own language, Malayalam. The population of children between age 0-6 is 574041 which is 13.96% of total population. It is the 13th most populous state in India with an overall population density of 2,200 people per square mile or 860 per square kilometer. 1961. Agriculture is the state’s main economic activity. Out of this 8,403,706 are males and 9,051,800 are females whereas urban population in this state is 15,932,171. Since 1980, Kerala has overtaken the rest of India and in 2001 the proportion of the old age population rose to 10.5% as against the all India average of 7.5%. To conclude it, the population of Kerala in the year 2020 as per estimates = 37.96128 Million. The administrators of the British Raj had an abiding interest in ethnography but in post-independence India the policy has been generally to ignore it in censuses.. The revised definition of urban agglomerations in Kerala led to results for 2011 that are not comparable with previous census results and … A Land of Coconut Trees. Its Government has taken a very different approach in managing population growth. The capital is Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum). King cobras (Ophiophagus hannah) are among the notable reptiles, while peacocks and hornbills are common birds. 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