[15] A conspicuous black stripe runs along the spine (back bone). The average lifespan of axis deer is 9 to 13 years with documented cases of 20 years in captivity. Axis deer (scientific name Axis axis) sport an orange coat dotted with white spots, not unlike a whitetail fawn, and white patches on their throats. The Axis Deer is often considered the most beautiful cervid. Since then they have adapted very well to the warm, seasonal climate of the central part of the state. It was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. A History of Axis Deer Hunts Success We run upwards of 100 Texas Axis deer hunts each year and our clients continue to harvest trophy after trophy. Female axis deer reach maturity at 2 and remain fertile until 15 years of age. They're part of the classified under the family Cervidae family, but different from the somewhat similar fallow deer. More commonly known as the Axis or spotted deer, this striking creature is one of the most impressive trophy bucks to roam North America. Hawaiian Axis Deer with Tail Beautiful Spotted Rug Hair-on Hide. You may see hard-antlered axis bucks throughout the year. one that looks pretty decent usually shrinks a whole lot when you walk up to it. Recommended Firearm for Axis Deer: .270, .30.06, 7mm mag, .300 win Males reach nearly 90 cm (35 in) and females 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder; the head-and-body length is around 1.7 m (5.6 ft). The female can conceive again two weeks to four months after the birth. Mature males can weigh up to 98 to 110 kg (216 to 243 lb). [1] The eastern limit of its range is through western Assam[34][35] to the Sunderbans of West Bengal (India) and Bangladesh. [29] Predators of the chital include wolves, Bengal tigers, Asiatic lions, leopards, Indian rock pythons, dholes, Indian pariah dogs, and mugger crocodiles. Browse forms a major portion of the diet only in the winter-October to January-when the grasses, tall or dried up, are no longer palatable. Males, at a typical weight of 100 to 200 lbs, are somewhat larger than females, who average 75 to 125 lbs. [23], Hooves measure between 4.1 and 6.1 cm (1.6 and 2.4 in) in length; hooves of the fore legs are longer than those of the hind legs. The average size and weight for males is 3’ tall from the shoulder and 187 pounds. 1.7 m The Axis deer is a beautiful mammal with spotted body and short tail. [1] Sri Lanka is the southern limit. [1] Currently, no range-wide threats to chitals are present, and they live in many protected areas. The species was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp E rxleben in 1777. Axis Deer Size & Measurements. 2004. It is sexually dimorphic; males are larger than females, and antlers are present only on males. Adult females are usually a bit smaller. Recommended hunt dates to book are from May-August when most of the males horns are hard at this time of the year.. Behavior of axis deer is nearly identical to native whitetail deer with majority of activity occurring at dusk and dawn. While immature males weigh 30–75 kg (66–165 lb), the lighter females weigh 25–45 kg (55–99 lb). [25] These deer typically move in a single file on specific tracks, with a distance of two to three times their width between them, when on a journey, typically in search of food and water sources. [25][29] Studies in the Nallamala Hills (Andhra Pradesh, India) and the Western Ghats (western coast of India) showed seasonal variation in the sex ratio of herds; this was attributed to the tendency of females to isolate themselves ahead of parturition. The Journal of Wildlife Management 32(1): 187-190. As days grow cooler, foraging begins before sunrise and peaks by early morning. [42] The deer are most populous on the Edwards Plateau, where the land is similar to that of India. Fruits eaten by chital in the Kanha National Park (Madhya Pradesh, India) include those of Ficus species from January to May, Cordia myxa from May to June, and Syzygium cumini from June to July. Only one fawn is typically born during each pregnancy, but females go through estrous multiple times in one year. While some of the stock originated from Sri Lanka (Ceylon), the Indian race likely is also represented. Young are colored like adults and all sexes are the same color. They originate from India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. Origin: Indian subcontinent in Asia. The absolute and sheer size of axis deer makes them quite appealing among hunters hunting list. What Does the Axis Deer Eat? With adult males weighing in upwards of 250lbs and racks measuring at well over half their overall height, [20][27] Small herds are common, though aggregations of as many as 100 individuals have been observed. Read more - Axis deer possession now illegal in Hawaii, Holoholo State News. Browse includes herbs, shrubs, foliage, fruits, and forbs; Moghania species are often preferred while browsing. [1], The chital has been introduced to the Andaman Islands, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay, Uruguay, Alabama, Point Reyes National Seashore in California, Florida, Hawaii, Mississippi, and Texas in the United States, and the Veliki Brijun Island in the Brijuni Archipelago of the Istrian Peninsula in Croatia. [39], Releasing them on the island of Hawaii was planned, as well, but this was abandoned after pressure from scientists over damage to landscapes caused by the deer on other islands. [17] Fights are not generally serious. They were described by a biologist as possibly nature’s perfect deer due to the huge antlers, beautiful hide and the best venison you can eat. [27] Large herds were most common in monsoon, observed foraging in the grasslands. Spacing behaviour and habitat use of axis deer (Axis axis) in lowland Nepal. [21][22] A study of the mineral composition of the antlers of captive barasinga, chital, and hog deer showed that the antlers of the deer are very similar. The upper … EVER SEEN A BIGGER AXIS DEER? as a matter of fact, not ONE of the axis deer i've shot or seen shot were as big as I thought they would be. Despite their smaller size these deer are incredibly fast and strong so being patient and sure of the shot is by far the best option. Pending a 60-day drying period, this non-typical axis buck is potentially the new #1 SCI free-range axis deer. Axis deer are closer related to elk than whitetails. [17] Males may moan during aggressive displays or while resting. The chital was estimated to have diverged from the Rucervus lineage in the Early Pliocene (five million years ago). The male axis averages about 35 inches tall at the shoulder, with a total length of 67 inches. Herds are comprised of males and females of various ages throughout the year. [6] Variations of "chital" include "cheetal" and "cheetul". Hunting free range axis deer is by permit only so local parks and wildlife authorities can monitor populations. This posture is also used while foraging. [13], The chital is a moderately sized deer. Elegant legs and graceful movements, powerful hind legs, and a breathtakingly impressive rack. $259.00. [17] In the Kanha National Park, mineral licks rich in calcium and phosphorus pentoxide were scraped at by the incisors. [15] Its calls are, however, not as strong as those of elk or red deer; they are mainly coarse bellows or loud growls. Joshua Creek Ranch offers the “best free-range Axis deer hunting in the world” including multiple exotic record book entries with Safari Club International and The Exotic Wildlife Association Trophy Game Records. [14] An interesting relationship has been observed between herds of chital and troops of the northern plains grey langurs, a widespread South Asian monkey. They are among the most difficult of exotic trophies to collect. As an antipredator measure, chital flee in groups (unlike the hog deer that disperse on alarm); sprints are often followed by hiding in dense undergrowth. Management of axis deer is facilitated by legalized hunting with the purchase of permits and permission to hunt on private ranges with an entrance fee. Sperm is produced year-round, though testosterone levels register a fall during the development of the antlers. [37][38], In the 1860s, axis deer were introduced to the island of Molokai, Hawaii, as a gift from Hong Kong to King Kamehameha V. 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