But its toasty temperature is not what makes it strange. GJ 1214b has a radius of about 2.7 times that of Earth and is about 6.5 times as massive, putting it squarely into the class of exoplanets known as super-Earths. According to study author Zachory Berta, then at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, in a press release, “GJ 1214b is like no planet we know of. GJ 1214b orbits the host star close to it, in contrast to Uranus and Neptune. If it is a water world, it could possibly be thought of as a bigger and hotter version of Jupiter's Galilean moon Europa. "GJ 1214b is like no planet we know of," Berta said. " The planet GJ 1214b, shown here in an artist’s conception with two hypothetical moons, orbits a “red dwarf” star 40 light-years from Earth. A structure of the low orbital exoplanet GJ 1214b is presumably interpreted as presence of a deep global ocean and H2-He atmosphere. The data seem to confirm that GJ 1214b has a very steamy atmosphere, thick with water vapor. (WFC3 isn't a spectrometer per se, but its infrared channel has 15 different filters spaced between 1.1 and 1.7 microns.) 2009) is the second known transiting super-Earth, and also the first such planet to likely posess significant gaseous envelope. Gj 1214b - The Waterworld. De plus, des études ont montré que les super-Terres comme GJ 1214b étaient sans doute les plus répandues dans la Voie lactée. Une perspective d'importance alors que ce type de planètes reste largement méconnu. However a surface temperature of over 200 degrees Celsius plays against this. According to a 2012 study based on observations by the Hubble Space Telescope, GJ 1214 b is actually a massive water world encapsulated by a dense and steamy atmosphere. The surface temperature of the planet GJ 1214b reaches 232º Celsius. 2–He atmosphere scenarios for the warm super-Earth GJ 1214b using an optimal estimation retrieval technique. GJ 1214b is located in the constellation Ophiuchus, some 40 light-years from us. Discovered in 2009 , the planet is about 2.7 times Earth’s diameter and is almost 7 times as massive. In the end, the actual planet atmospheric composition depends on the interior composition of the planet, the mass and temperature of the planet, and the planet evolution. In 2010, CfA scientist Jacob Bean and colleagues reported that they had measured the atmosphere of GJ 1214b, finding it likely that it was composed mainly of water. 1214b is the most studied sub-Neptune exoplanet to date. Recent measurements have shown its near-infrared transmission spectrum to be flat, pointing to a high-altitude opacity source in the exoplanet 's atmosphere, either equilibrium condensate clouds or photochemical hazes. Final score: 15 points. The super-Earth GJ 1214b, which has 6.5 times the mass of our Earth, orbits its star once every 38 hours at a distance of only 1.3 million miles. Marley et al. Recent surveys have revealed that planets intermediate in size between Earth and Neptune (“super-Earths”) are among the most common planets in the Galaxy[1, 2, 3]. This artist’s impression shows how the newly discovered super-Earth surrounding the nearby star GJ1214 may look. GJ 1214b is about 2.7 times wider than Earth's but with a mass seven times higher. GJ 1214b has now become the world's hot with temperatures around 200 C (392 F) 7. Using the Hubble Space Telescope, U.S. astronomers discovered the planet GJ 1214b is shrouded by clouds and its temperature is caused by its nearby parent star. GJ 1214b probably formed farther out from its star, where water ice was plentiful, and then migrated in to its current location long ago. We present three-dimensional atmospheric circulation models of GJ 1214b, a 2.7 Earth-radius, 6.5 Earth-mass super Earth detected by the MEarth survey. L. A. Rogers and S. Seager. Even more intriguing is that due to the temperature (being so close to its red dwarf star makes it around 450 degrees Fahrenheit) and extreme pressures, all that water gets a bit…exotic. THREE POSSIBLE ORIGINS FOR THE GAS LAYER ON GJ 1214b. GJ 1214b: an unusual waterworld; GJ 1214b: an unusual waterworld. A large part of its mass consists of water much more than the earth but not comparable to our water. Astronomers estimate the planet¹s temperature to be about 400 degrees Fahrenheit. GJ 1214b (Charbonneau et al. Du fait de sa proximité et de la petite taille de son étoile parent, GJ 1214b est en effet la super-Terre la plus facile à observer. Therefore, if GJ 1214b contains a significant amount of water, it is reasonable to think that the planet has experienced the orbital migration. Published on 23 February 2012. 2017, for an overview of available transit observations). Gliese 1214 b (often shortened to GJ 1214 b) is an exoplanet that orbits the star Gliese 1214, and was discovered in December 2009.Its parent star is 48 light-years from the Sun, in the constellation Ophiuchus.As of 2017, GJ 1214 b is the most likely known candidate for being an ocean planet. GJ 1214b and the prospects for liquid water on super Earths - Volume 6 Issue S276 - Leslie A. Rogers, Sara Seager Although GJ 1214 has a low to moderate level of magnetic activity, it does undergo flares and is a source of X-ray emission with a base luminosity of 7.4 × 10 25 erg s −1. The planet’s mass (6.6 M⊕) and radius (2.7 R⊕) imply a density that is too low to be explained by rock and water ice alone. But both temperature and pressure are high to the point that water could exist on this planet in the form of a superfluid and hot ice! lincholn6echo. As a result, the internal structure of GJ 1214b would be extraordinarily different from that of our world. Its current location was too hot for icy-building blocks to exist in the protoplanetary disk where the planet was born. case of exoplanet GJ 1214b, for which multiple ground-based and space-borne observations reveal a remarkably flat spectrum extending from visible to IR (see Angerhausen et al. A … This planet It is the most likely known candidate for being an ocean planet. Atmospheric studies are the next step toward developing a comprehensive understanding of this new class of object[4, 5, 6]. (d) Time averaged temperature on GJ 1214b on the 680 Pa level (about 62 km altitude) as-suming a global mean surface pressure of 105 Pa and a surface albedo of 0.4. Astronomers have confirmed the existence of a waterworld orbiting another sun, 40 light years away from us. This suggests that GJ 1214b has much more water than Earth does, and much less rock. We explore cloudy, extended H2–He atmosphere scenarios for the warm super-Earth GJ 1214b using an optimal estimation retrieval technique. The winds are westerly at the equator and easterly in the midlatitudes. GJ 1214b has no land, but only oceans that stretch all over the surface. According to Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics scientist and lead author Zachory Berta, "GJ1214b is like no planet we know of. It orbits a red-dwarf star every 38 hours at a distance of 2 million kilometres, giving it an estimated temperature of 230 degrees Celsius. Now GJ 1214b is in the news again, thanks to near-infrared spectra collected by the Hubble Space Telescope's Wide-Field Camera 3. The planet GJ 1214b is the second known super-Earth with a measured mass and radius. lincholn6echo. GJ 1214b yield a day-side equilibrium temperature of 660 K for redistribution of incident energy over the day-side only, and 555 K for efficient redistribution over the entire planet, if the planet’s Bond albedo is zero. Planet GJ 1214 GJ 1214b orbiting a five times smaller than the mass of the Sun and a brightness of 300 times fainter. Currently, water in GJ 1214b has a consistency that is very strange and will seem very familiar to us, as a result of high temperature and atmospheric pressure is great, the water will be more like hot ice thick or act more … Image credit: CfA/David Aguilar . From the size and period of its transit, astronomers deduced that GJ 1214b is 34,441.7 kilometres across, which is 2.7 times the diameter of Earth, and orbits its star every 38 hours at a distance of only two million kilometres (Earth is about 149.6 million kilometres from the Sun). A new analysis detailing the atmosphere of GJ 1214b—a planet located about 40 light years from earth and one that researchers have studied since 2009—appeared in the March issue of The Astrophysical Journal. Abstract. • GJ 1214b is the first super-Earth to have a potentially observable atmosphere with current instrumentation • Transmission spectroscopy of the planet’s atmosphere can break the degeneracy between interior composition models • Clouds can add additional complexity to the interpretation of GJ 1214b’s spectral signature. The Astrophysical Journal, 716:1208–1216, 2010 June 20. Recent observations of the transiting super-Earth GJ 1214b reveal that its atmosphere may be hydrogen-rich or water-rich in nature, with clouds or hazes potentially affecting its transmission spectrum in the optical and very-near-IR. 8. ExoClimes - Exeter - September 9, 2010 Eliza Kempton. Discovered by the MEarth project and investigated further by the HARPS spectrograph on ESO’s 3.6-metre telescope at La Silla, GJ1214b is the second super-Earth exoplanet for which astronomers have determined the mass and radius, giving vital clues about its structure. GJ 1214b Angela M. Zalucha (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Southwest Research Institute) Nikku Madhusudhan (Yale) Tim Michaels (Southwest Research Institute) The super-Earth GJ 1214b gravitational acceleration: 8.93 m s–2 radius: 2.678 R e distance from star: 0.01432 AU stellar flux at planet: 21519 W m–2 rotation period: 1.5803925 Earth days (synchronous) (Charbonneau et al. GJ. GJ 1214b only 42 light years away would be an ideal candidate for a classical exoplanet. POST. Case Study: Origins of Gas Layer on GJ 1214b. This planet, orbiting an M4.5 star only 13 pc from the Earth, is of particular interest because it lies between the Earth and Neptune in size and may be a member of a new class of planet that is neither terrestrial nor gas giant. The temperature of the stellar corona is estimated to be about 3.5 × 10 6 K. Planetary system. Its density and enormous water reserves seem to confirm this. 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