There were quadruple-tube torpedo launchers, one each side, amidships. County class cruiser, possibly HMS SUSSEX or HMAS CANBERRA, anchored at Farm Cove (3363895817).jpg 700 × 529; 62 KB HMS Sussex (96).jpg 800 × 579; 114 KB HMS Sussex (Warships To-day, 1936).jpg 1,008 × 599; 71 KB Seaslug was a first-generation surface-to-air missile intended to hit high-flying nuclear-armed bombers and shadowing surveillance aircraft like the Tupolev Tu-16 "Badger" and Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear", which could direct strikes against the British fleet from missile destroyers and cruise missile-armed submarines. In the 1930s, the last three Londons underwent similar alterations as the Kents did, having their eight 21 inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes removed, and one twin 8 inch (203 mm) turret removed, although London retained it. [48] This made the County-class ships the only Royal Navy ships to be fitted with three separate types of guided missile: Seaslug, Seacat and Exocet. The initial design left little weight to distribute amongst protection, particularly in light of the fastidiousness of the designers to stick to the letter of the treaty. These were replaced by the altogether more useful 20 mm Oerlikon gun. Their wings and fins would be reattached before being moved into the aft sections of the handling spaces and eventually loaded onto the large twin launcher for firing. Four of the "Counties" had names which had been used by the famous interwar County-class cruisers: London, Norfolk, Devonshire and Kent. Frank Cass. In some cases the court or rules of a particular county or city may disallow distance learning. She was scrapped in 1959. The new government cancelled the ships as an economy measure and as a gesture to the forthcoming London Naval Conference. This advance considerably rationalised the separate armoured conning tower and myriad of decks and platforms of older designs. Suffolk, and Sussex suffered bomb damage from Luftwaffe aircraft, and both required substantial repairs. They were the first post-war cruiser construction for the Royal Navy and were designed within the limits of the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. A detailed March 1957 study[10] opted for a medium tensile 505 ft (154 m) long hull and a fit of 18 Seaslug and 4 special (nuclear) Seaslug for extended range AA, anti-missile and anti-ship. The ships were built at the major UK yards, with some of the machinery coming from Associated Electrical Industries of Manchester, Parsons Marine Steam Turbine Company of Wallsend-on-Tyne, John I. Thornycroft & Company of Southampton, Yarrows of Glasgow, and the Wallsend Slipway and Engineering Company, Wallsend-on-Tyne. In 1935 she sailed to the Mediterranean, patrolling during the second Italo-Abyssinian War, and in 1939 she was back on the American station. Purvis,M.K., 'Post War RN Frigate and Guided Missile Destroyer Design 1944–1969', Transactions, Royal Institution of Naval Architects (RINA), 1974, G. Moore. [20], While short on the support and logistic spares stocks of a traditional cruiser, they were still envisaged by the Director of Naval Construction as being 'probably' used in the cruiser role[21] with space for Flag staff offices, and admiral's barge accommodation[22] in the 1960s: the last decade when the UK oversaw significant colonial territory ("East of Suez"). Glamorgan and Antrim are the counties in Wales and Northern Ireland which contain the port cities and regional capitals of Cardiff and Belfast (by analogy to London, England). This afforded high initial stability,[1][2] which contributed to the protection scheme. HMS Norfolk and Suffolk were equipped with radar which was used to good advantage when they shadowed the Bismarck during the RN's attempts to hunt her down after the sinking of HMS Hood. Its ineffectiveness and vulnerable magazine[39] and missile fuel, reduced confidence in the class,[citation needed] which had potential as command ships, having good seaworthiness, speed and in the group two County class a spacious operations room with ADAWS. Les Brown has producted another great book on a single class of ship...The County Class Crusiers built under the Washington Treaty is an excellent book there is alot of photo's tech and drawings packed into 64 pages.... For the model maker it is perfect...for the … Designed specifically around the Seaslug anti-aircraft missile system, the primary role of these ships was area air defence around the aircraft carrier task force in the nuclear-war environment.[2][3]. 1/1800th scale London class cruiser model. The turrets and barbettes received only thin splinter plating, as did the compass platform. The bridge was moved aft to lessen the effects of muzzle blast from B turret when the guns were trained abaft the beam. This is part of my collection of WWII warships, keep an eye out for more to come. (2001). Antrim and Glamorgan both served in the Falklands War; Antrim was the flagship of Operation Paraquet, the recovery of South Georgia in April 1982. A 1.25 inch (32 mm) protective deck covered the machinery spaces, and there were "box citadels" protecting the magazines and shell rooms; 2.5 inch (64 mm) crowns and 4 inch (102 mm) sides, closed by 2.5 inch bulkheads. The thirteen Counties were built in three distinct sub-classes: the Kent, London and Norfolk classes. The final pair of Counties – Norfolk and Dorsetshire – formed the Norfolk-class. Kent received an additional pair of 4-inch guns in 1934, and she, Berwick and Cornwall each received a pair of QF 0.5-inch Vickers machine guns added abreast the fore funnel. Built at Palmers Shipbuilding & Iron Company, Jarrow, HMS York was laid don on 16 May 1927, launched 17 Feb 1928 and completed on 6 June 1930; She became flagship of the 2nd Cruiser Squadron until 1934 under captain Richard Bevan and the 8th Cruiser Squadron, North America and West Indies Station. And I was wondering what everyone's thoughts on it. HMSO. Kent would serve as a floating (though immobile) accommodation and training ship in Portsmouth harbour until 1996. It was quickly found necessary to heighten the funnels by some 15 feet (4.5 m) to clear the flue gasses from the aft superstructure. ADWAS command and control system could process and prioritise air targets detected by the 965 and 992 radar and other so fitted RN warships. In 1960, because US-designed missiles were seen at the time to be superior to the Seaslug, the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) proposed a variation of the County-class armed with the US Tartar missile and two additional modifications: hangar space for three Westland Wessex helicopters and a steam propulsion system, rather than the combined steam and gas system used in the County class. Between 1930 and 1933 the aircraft and catapult were added, as was a high-angle HACS director for the 4-inch guns. Her anti-aircraft armaments were improved as for her sisters, but the multiple 2 pounders and their directors were carried aft, by the lattice structure. The Town class cruisers as a whole in game (Belfast, Sheffield) seem much better than the County class rares (Aussie, and Kent.) The initial design called for two octuple mountings for the QF 2 pounder Mk.VIII anti-aircraft autocannon, but as a weight saving exercise these were not initially shipped, and the existing QF 2 pounder Mark II was carried in lieu on four single mounts. The County-class and the Seaslug missile were interim solutions and the new Sea Dart anti-aircraft missile would have speed and accuracy to ensure a hit without requiring a nuclear warhead. They were sometimes treated as the second sub-type of an encompassing "Town Class" which included the five earlier Bristol and four Weymouth class and the following four Birmingham and two Birkenhead class cruisers. After leaving British service, four ships were sold to the Chilean Navy and one to the Pakistan Navy. The County Class cruisers were the first post WW1 cruiser construction for the Royal Navy. Secondary armament consisted of four QF 4-inch Mark V (102 mm, L/45) guns in single mounts HA Mk.III fed from the amidships magazine. English: The British Empire County class heavy cruisers of the 1930s and World War II. Kent had less weight available for improvements and therefore was not given such an extensive modernisation. [16][page needed] Certainly, these arrangements as originally installed to operate a single Westland Wessex anti-submarine helicopter were problematic, with a hangar so cramped it took an hour to get the aircraft either in or out again, during which the port Seacat launcher was unusable. In San Carlos Water, Antrim was hit by a 1,000 lb (450 kg) bomb which failed to explode. [42] In the mid-1960s the County-class destroyers were assets; their impressive appearance and data links, feeding off the carriers' Type 984 radar, projected effective capability during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation. Although they shared a common hull, machinery and main armament the Spanish ships had a notably different appearance, with an enormous single funnel – though Canarias received two funnels in a later refit – and an equally tall forward superstructure. The revised Seaslug Mk2 was supposedly effective against supersonic and surface targets at up to 30 km. The Washington Conference on naval arms limitation had enabled the war-weary victors of World War I to avoid a costly arms race in “capital ships” (battleships and battlecruisers.) Two ships based on the County-class, Canarias and Baleares of the Canarias-class, were designed in the UK and constructed in Spain by the Vickers-Armstrongs subsidiary Sociedad Española de Construcción Naval. The County class was a class of heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the years between the First and Second World Wars. To remedy the loss of the bulge protection, there was a second skin of inner plating to provide the same effect. Berwick fought a gunnery action with Hipper, and Norfolk again fought German Navy surface units during Battle of the North Cape. The County-class saw much service during the Second World War. The risk of fire near the magazine was checked by an automatic sprinkler system. Eight ships were built and entered service. ADM 205/172 1958, (26) p. 211, ADM 167 152 1958 and First Lords Record (Public Record Office)- the final, construction order, ship cover and legend no longer exist, G. Freudenberg. The machinery spaces followed the traditional layout of boiler rooms ahead of engine rooms, separated by an amidships magazine. They were the only 10,000-ton 8-inch gun, or "A", cruisers that the Royal Navy built. DURHAM, N.C. (WNCN) – Nicknamed the “ghost,” a gray Charger is the latest addition to the Durham Sheriff’s Office’s squad cars. Hulls 07 and 08 were approved in 1963 as a temporary stopgap, and the ninth and tenth hull… The single 2 pdr guns were removed and quadruple mountings, Mark VII, were added on either side of the bridge. The United States Navy adopted a design with triple-gun turrets, allowing the hull to be shortened thus saving weight that could be put into protection. [2] The 4-inch guns were relocated forwards in order that they did not obstruct the catapult and aircraft which had been mounted lower down than in their predecessors. The Counties are remembered for their distinctive three-funnel layout and service in all the major naval theatres of World War II. HMS Kent and HMS Norfolk were used for RN Type 23 frigates though in their case after British dukedoms. The second four Countys had improved air warning and target indicator radar ("double bedstead" 965M and a revised 992 for closer range tracking rather than only surface warning). [1] A 6-foot-deep (1.8 m) armoured belt, 4.5 inches thick, was added amidships, extending down from the armoured deck to 1 foot below the waterline. [2], They were repeats of the Londons with minor alterations. Average annual running cost of County-class destroyers at average 1981–82 prices and including associated aircraft costs but excluding the costs of major refits. The limitations of the beam riding guidance method and lack of a homing head, meant the Mk 1 and 2 Seaslug were intended to have nuclear variants - the much larger blast compensating for lack of accuracy. A revised design in March 1958 added Seaslug and Seacat missiles and added a telescopic hangar. British naval ship classes of the Second World War, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles needing clarification from February 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, 0.5-inch (12.7 mm L/50) Mk.III machine guns, 0.5-inch (12.7 mm) L/50 Mk.III machine guns, File:HMS Cumberland profile post 1943.JPG, NavWeaps.com, British 8"/50 (20.3 cm) Mark VIII, List of cruiser classes of the Royal Navy, List of major warship classes of the Royal Australian Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/County-class_cruiser?oldid=4402117, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km; 9,200 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph), 685 standard, 710 as flagship, 784 during wartime, 4.5-inch (110 mm) with 1-inch (25 mm) closing bulkheads (, 1-inch (25 mm) faces, sides, rears, crowns & barbettes, 8 x 21-inch (533 mm) torpedoes in quad mounts, 3.5-inch (89 mm) with 1-inch (25 mm) closing bulkheads (. 2× triple-tube launchers for shipborne torpedoes, Purvis, M.K., 'Post War RN Frigate and Guided Missile Destroyer Design 1944-1969', Transactions, Royal Institution of Naval Architects (RINA), 1974, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 09:36. During 1956–1958 a full "alternative" gun armament was an option for the new GW Fast Escort, [9] based on a modern combined gas turbine and steam turbine (COSAG) propulsion unit, as enlarged Daring fleet escorts, armed with two twin Mk 6 4.5-inch guns, two twin L/70 40mm Bofors and a twin 3-inch/70 guns. In an attempt to extract more ships from the treaty limits, the navy planned to construct 8,250-ton "B" ships; six of which could be built in place of five Counties. The two boiler rooms exhausted into four uptakes, the central pair being combined to form a thickened central funnel. The County-class was ordered in 1978 as part of the general rebuilding of the conventional Royal Navy. Statement on Defence 1957. [45] Inaccuracy, primitive beam-riding guidance and lack of infrared homing or a proximity fuze in the Mk 1 made it of limited value. Completed in the late 1930s for the Spanish Navy, they saw service during the Spanish Civil War. 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